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per·​ma·​cul·​ture ˈpər-mə-ˌkəl-chər 

:Permaculture; permanent agriculture + permanent culture

: an agricultural system or method that seeks to integrate human activity with natural surroundings so as to create highly efficient self-sustaining ecosystems


Its History

Permaculture was conceived and developed in the 1970s by co-workers Bill Mollinson and David Holmgren in Australia. Originally the term was a contraction of “Permanent Agriculture” for that is what it was, the design and implementation of permanent systems.

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a brief history 

1970 /

Permaculture was developed in the 1970s by Australians Bill Mollison and David Holmgren. The term "permaculture" is derived from "permanent agriculture" and "permanent culture."

Mollison and Holmgren were inspired by indigenous land use practices and sought to create a system of agriculture that mimicked natural ecosystems. They were critical of conventional agricultural practices, which they believed were damaging to the environment and relied on non-renewable resources.

1978 /

First Permaculture Book


Mollison and Holmgren's work led to the publication of their book "Permaculture One" in 1978, which presented the principles and practices of permaculture. The book became a foundational text for the permaculture movement and sparked interest in sustainable agriculture and community design.

Since then, permaculture has spread around the world and has been applied to a variety of contexts, including urban and rural agriculture, community design, and ecological restoration. Today, permaculture is recognized as a holistic design system that seeks to create regenerative processes that benefit both people and the environment.

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